The Georgian Jews diaspora is antique.

We have been able to find out from the XI c. Georgian historical sources that the Jews first appeared and settled down in Kartli, after destruction of the first temple by Nabukhodonosor (586 B.C) and after their persecution from Jerusalem.

The Georgian Jews were considered ethnically and culturally distinct from neighboring Mountain Jews. They were also traditionally a highly separate group to the Ashkenazi Jews in Georgia, who arrived following the Russian annexation of Georgia.

We can see all the history about Jews in Georgia, by passing 21 towns and 43 Jewish heritage locations in whole Georgia: Synagogues, Jewish monuments having status of cultural heritage, Jewish museums, graves and Jewish archeology artifacts.

TBILISI

Tbilisi is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, Founded in the 5th century AD by Vakhtang I Gorgasali, where the First Congress of Caucasus Zionists was held in. Tbilisi has a Jewish population of about 10,000 out of a general population of 1.5 million.

MTSKHETA

Mtskheta is the one of the oldest cities of Georgia.

The existence of the Jews in these regions during this period is supported by archaeological evidence showing that Jews lived in Mtskheta, the ancient capital of the East Georgian state of Kartli.

AKHALTSIKHE

Akhaltsikhe is a small city in Georgia's southwestern region of Samtskhe-Javakheti. It has an old history of Jews in Akhaltsikhe. There are two synagogues and the Jewish graveyard.

BATUMI

Batumi is the second largest city of Georgia. A Jewish community was established there in 1878 after the town was incorporated into Russia. In 1889 many of the Jews living there without official authorization (see *Pale of Settlement ) were expelled. According to official statistics there remained 31 Jewish families, and according to unofficial sources about 100 Jewish families. The number, however, again increased rapidly. By 1897 there were 1,179 Jews living in Batumi. One of the oil refineries was owned jointly by the Rothschild family and Jewish investors in Russia. The Jewish population numbered 3,700 in 1923 (6.1% of the total population) and 1,778 in 1939 (2,54% of the total population).

KUTAISI

Kutaisi is the legislative capital of Georgia, and its 3rd most populous city. Jews lived mainly in the north-east of the city – Kutaisi, on the left bank of the river Rioni. This place was called street Shaumyani. This area was settled more compact by Jews than the other ones. As time passed, most of the Jews left Kutaisi for their historic homeland. A small number of the remaining Jewish families do not live so compact, and you can rarely hear that particular speech characterizing Georgian Jews. But it can be heard in the speech of Georgians who continue to live on the street Shaumyani and it will still be heard for many years in this area.

LAILASHI

Lailashi is a village in Georgia, in Racha Lechkhumi and Svaneti. Lailashi has long been known by the Georgian Jews living there according to historians in the beginning of the twentieth century, there lived more than 1,200 grown-up Jews.

LAGODEKHI

Lagodekhi lies in the heart of Georgian wine country. Lagodekhi is renowned for its natural beauty, nearby waterfalls and most notably the Lagodekhi Nature Reserve. There you can find Jewish graveyard.

GORI

Gori is a city in eastern Georgia, which serves as the regional capital of Shida Kartli and the centre of the homonymous administrative district. The name is from Georgian gora, that is, "heap", or "hill".

The city has an old history about the Jews in Gori, there is one big synagogue and Jewish graveyard.

KARELI

Kareli is a town in Shida Kartli, Georgia.

There you can find Kareli Synagogue. It was built in XIX century and the Jewish graveyard.

KHASHURI

Khashuri is a town in the central part of Georgia and is the 9th largest settlement in Georgia.

There is Surami Synagogue – located in Surami, so called Jewish's suburb and the Jewish graveyard.

ATSKURI

Atskuri is a Georgian feudal fortress on the right bank of the Mtkvari River, approximately 30 kilometres from Borjomi, in the Samtskhe-Javakheti region. There you can find Jewish Graveyard fragments in Atskuri.

ONI

Oni is a town in Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti region, Georgia. 

In old times there lived a lot of Jews families. Despite a post-Soviet tendency towards migration, Oni still retains a small number of Jewish families - remnants of once powerful and large historic Jewish community.

SACHKHERE

Sachkhere is a town at the northern edge of the Imereti Province in western Georgia. It is the center of the Sachkhere Municipality.

There you can find not active synagogue and the Jewish graveyard.

VANI

Vani is a town in Imereti region of western Georgia.

In the town is a Synagogue, that was built in XIX century and the Jewish graveyard.

KULASHI

Kulashi is a small tow in Imereti.

The town had formerly been a home to one of the largest Georgian Jewish community, whose size has significantly decreased due to several waves of Jewish expatriation to Israel.

ABASHA

Abasha is a town in western Georgia.

There you can find Abasha Synagogue, that was built in XIX century and the Jewish graveyard in Sujuna.

BANDZA

Bandza is a village located in the west part of Georgia.

In the second half of 18th century Jewish people started to live in the west part of Georgia. At the beginning of 20th century they built a synagogue in the Jewish district of Bandza. There is also Jewish cemetery near the synagogue. The synagogue is not active today but many Jewish people visit it very often.

SENAKI

Senaki is a town in Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti region, western Georgia.

There is a Senaki Synagogue, that was build in 1969 and the Jewish graveyard.

POTI

Poti is a port city in Georgia, located on the eastern Black Sea coast in the region of Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti in the west of the country.

In the city you can find not active Poti Synagogue, that was built in 1903.

SOKHUMI

Sukhumi or Sokhumi is a city on the Black Sea coast. It is the capital of the breakaway Republic of Abkhazia.

As the 1897 census results indicate, there were also many Ashkenazi Jews in Sukhumi. A synagogue was built in the first decade of the 20th century.

In Soviet times, the Jewish population of Abkhazia increased greatly, but the Sukhumi Jewish community remained the largest in Abkhazia. According to the 1926 census, there were about 1,100 Jews in Abkhazia, most of them Ashkenazi or Georgian. The Jewish community of Sukhumi was officially recognised by Soviet authorities in 1945, at the very end of World War II.

TSKHINVALI

Tskhinval is the capital of South Ossetia, a disputed region in Georgia. It has been recognized as an independent Republic by Russia and three other UN members.

Tskhinvali was known for its sizable Georgian Jewish population, where the community had its own quarter. According to the Soviet censuses of 1926 and 1939 there were about 2000 Jews in South Ossetia, all but a few in Tskhinvali, today only one Jew remains in South Ossetia, a single elderly woman living in Tskhinvali.

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